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Sailing Instructions

ISAF Racing Rules of Racing

Current Racing Rules of Sailing can be downloaded from International Sailing Fereration (ISAF) website - racing rules download section.

CBC Sailing Instructions

Click here to download printable sailing instructions in PDF format.


Dinghy Sailing Instructions

CBC Dinghy Points Series Sailing Instructions (revised 2014)

1. The rescue boat driver or OOD (usually the same person) will decide the course and announce it to the fleet approx 15 mins before start.

2. Yacht racing is organised separately and posted on the club notice board, so ensure you check the correct course with OOD.

3. The position of club race marks is noted in the handbook and on the club website.

4. If the OOD is a dinghy racer they may claim average points for the number of starters in the race, up to 2 times per series or once if only 2 or 3 races to count.

5. The start line is between the rescue boat and a nearby mark, crossing in the direction of the first mark.

6. Typically start times will be 10 mins after the yachts but may be brought forward or delayed at the discretion of the OOD.

7. The start sequence will be as follows, with no visual signals:

Minus 5 minutes4 sound signals
Minus 4 minutes3 sound signals
Minus 1 minute2 sound signals
Start1 sound signal

8. The finish line is between the same mark as the start mark, and the rescue boat, to be crossed from the course direction.

9. The race may be shortened at any mark of the course at the discretion of the OOD. If possible flag 'S' will be flown or verbal warning of shortened course will be given. The finish line will then be between the rescue boat and a nearby mark, which may be different to the start mark.

10.The OOD will try to take finish times but rescue will always take priority.


Therefore : all competitors are urged to take their own times as back-up. If the correct placings cannot be established to the satisfaction of the competitors, and ultimately the OOD, the race will be declared abandoned.


Keelboat Sailing Instructions

Revised April 2007

1. General

1.1 These sailing instructions apply to all races which are designated as part of the keelboat race series of Cramond Boat Club [hereafter referred to as "the Club"].

1.2 Racing will take place under the current "Racing Rules of Sailing" (RRS) issued by the International Sailing Federation (2005-2008), except where they are changed by these sailing instructions. The race series are designated as Category B.

1.3 The term "helmsman" refers to the man or woman helming the boat during the race.

2. Conditions of Entry

Eligibility

2.1 Closed club events are open to all yachts belonging or chartered to and under the control of members of the Cramond Boat Club.

2.2 Instruction 2.1 may be varied only by the full Committee of the Club.

2.3 For each series of races into which a boat is being entered, a declaration form, stating the configuration of the boat for the duration of the series, should be completed in advance of the first race entered (see attached form).

2.4 An owner who changes his or her boat after entering a series may, with the agreement in writing of the Sailing Committee, complete the series in a second boat, so that the results of the two boats may be treated as one boat for the purpose of scoring the series (see 10 below).

Distinguishing Numbers

2.5 Boats are permitted to use sails carrying distinguishing marks other than those specified by the ISAF rules Appendix H. However, all boats are expected to carry some form of distinguishing sail mark.

Responsibility

2.6 The safety of a boat and her entire management, including insurance, shall be the sole responsibility of the skipper/owner racing the boat. The establishment of these sailing instructions in no way limits or reduces the complete responsibility of the skipper and owner for their crew, the boat and the management thereof.

3. Safety

3.1 Adequate personal buoyancy for all persons on board shall be carried on the boat at all times.

3.2 All boats must carry an anchor and a length of chain or rope, or a combination of the two, appropriate to the size of the vessel.

3.3 Yachts shall comply with the current "FYCA Safety Regulations for Yachts" to the category stated in the sailing instructions for the race series.

3.4 There shall be no tally or declaration system for individual races.

4. Communications with Competitors

4.1 The noticeboard shall be situated in the clubhouse outside the Committee Room.

4.2 The date and time of a race shall be as published in the Club Handbook, unless a notice of a revised date and time has been posted on the noticeboard.

4.3 Any changes in the sailing instructions shall be posted on the noticeboard at least 30 minutes before the published, or revised, start time of the race. International code flag 'L' will not be flown.

5. The Course

5.1 The course will be displayed on the noticeboard, along with the name of the Race Officer and his or her boat, at least 30 minutes before the published (or revised) start time of the race. In special circumstances it may be necessary to announce the course from the committee boat sailing in the vicinity of the start line. Competitors should remain in hailing distance of the committee boat. This change will be noted on the noticeboard.

5.2 The race area and the positions of the marks available for specifying the course are as shown in the attached chart.

6. The Start

6.1 The start time will be as published in the Club Handbook, unless it has been amended as provided for under Rule 4.2 above.

6.2 The minimum number of boats required in the starting area for a race to be started is two.

6.3 The start line will be between Mark A and channel marker Post 4, lying on its western side. For races in the Long Distance Series and Old Codgers Series the start line will be a transit clearly marked on the north side of Cramond Island. Mark N will be classed as an outer distance mark for this transit. There will be no inner distance mark. Where circumstances dictate, the Race Officer may use an alternative start line after ensuring all competitors are advised under Rule 4.3.

6.4 If Post 4 is not in place, a buoy will be substituted so as to mark that extremity of the line.

6.5 There will be no visual signals for the start procedure. Sound signals will be made, from the designated boat, under the responsibility of the Race Officer. (The Race Officer is permitted to be a competitor in the race.)

Starting Signals

6.6 The warning signal will correspond to 3 sounds, the last of which will be made 6 minutes before the start.

The preparatory signal will correspond to 2 sounds, the last of which will be made 3 minutes before the start.

The start itself will be indicated by a single sound.

7. Finishing

7.1 The finishing line shall be between a red mark (positioned approximately halfway between Mark A and Mark E) and channel marker Post 3a (the white post), lying on its western side. Where circumstances dictate, the Race Officer may use an alternative finishing line after ensuring all competitors are advised under Rule 4.3.

7.2 The line must always be crossed in a north-to-south direction unless advised by the Race Officer under Rule 7.1.

7.3 The skipper must record the time elapsed between the start signal and their own finishing time. This elapsed time must be given to the Race Officer within one and a half hours of the last boat finishing (except for races making up the Long Distance Series).

7.4 In the absence of any other instruction, the time limit shall be 1.5 hours after the time of high water, as published in the Club Handbook. If the first boat finishes within this time, the limit shall be extended for a further 30 minutes for other boats in the race. Alternatively, a specific time limit may be posted by the Race Officer on the noticeboard along with the course details.

7.5 The Race Officer may require times to be recorded at intermediate marks of the course. If in the judgement of the Race Officer a number of boats will be unable to finish the full course, the Race Officer may declare a result using the times taken from an intermediate mark of the course. This alters RRS Rule 32.

8 Protests

8.1 Completed protest forms must be handed to the Race Officer within 2 hours of the last boat crossing the finishing line except for races making up the Long Distance Series where this limit is extended to 48 hours.

9. Handicaps

9.1 The handicap assigned to each boat in the series will be determined by the Sailing Committee or a subcommittee thereof.

9.2 The basis of the handicap system will be the listing published by the Forth Yacht Clubs Association. If a boat is not included in the FYCA list then the Portsmouth Yardstick shall be applied.

9.3 In series races other than the Long Distance Series and Pursuit Series, a rolling handicap system will be used in which the basic handicap will be adjusted according to a procedure based on the RYA Portsmouth Yardstick document, Appendix 1. Further details of this procedure are available from members of the Sailing Committee.

9.4 In the event of there being no published handicap for a boat then she shall be given a provisional handicap which will be adjusted retrospectively, after 4 (countable) races, following the rolling handicap procedure. Further revisions shall be made from there on in the same manner as for other boats.

9.5 An auto-helm may be used for boats sailed single-handed. No handicap allowance will be given for single-handed sailing.

10. Scoring System

Points scored

10.1 Races will be scored as recommended in the RRS Appendix A Low Point Scoring System. The discard profile will be as detailed in Rule 10.5.

10.2 A boat that comes to the starting area within the period from 15 minutes before to 10 minutes after the start time but does not finish (or retires after finishing) will be scored points equal to the total number of boats that came to the starting area plus one.

10.3 A boat which is disqualified will be scored points equal to the total number of boats in the series plus one.

10.4 A boat that does not come to the starting area will be scored points equal to the total number of boats participating in the series plus one.

Discards

10.5 The number of races to count in a series will be determined as follows:

  • If an even number of races have been sailed it will equal half that number plus one.
  • If an odd number of races have been sailed it will equal half that number plus a half.

CBC Sailing Committee April 2007


Pursuit Race Instructions

CBC Club Pursuit Series Sailing Instructions (revised 2009)

1. General

1.1 These sailing instructions refer to the Cramond Boat Club Pursuit Races and supplement the general Club Race Series instructions. The instructions specified in the latter, under the following headings, remain unaltered.

1. General

2. Conditions of Entry

3. Safety

4. Communications with Competitors

2. The Course

2.1 The course will be displayed on the notice-board, along with the name of the Race Officer, at least 30 minutes before the published (or revised) start time of the race.

2.2 The course will correspond to a set of marks that are to be sailed in sequence in a repetitive fashion. The number of laps will be limited only by the race duration, which shall be posted alongside the course details.

2.3 The race area and the positions of the marks available for specifying the course are as shown in the attached chart

3. The Start

3.1 The General Starttime will be as published in the Club Handbook, unless it has been amended in the approved manner. This time corresponds to the start time for the slowest boat, as specified by the start sequence listing, which shall be posted along with the course details on the notice-board.

3.2 The start sequence list will specify the time at which each boat in the racing fleet is to start, relative to the general start time. These Specific Starttimes will be calculated on the basis of handicaps, slower boats starting first with the time differences corresponding to their handicap applied to the overall race duration.

3.3 The minimum number of boats required in the starting area for a race to be started is two.

3.4 The start line will be between Mark A and channel marker post 4, lying on its western side. The Race Officer where circumstances dictate may use an alternative start line after ensuring all competitors are advised.

3.5 If post-4 is not in place, a buoy will be substituted so as to mark that extremity of the line.

3.6 There will be no visual signals for the start procedure. Sound signals will be made under the responsibility of the Race Officer from a Committee Boat.

Starting Signals

3.7 The warning signal will correspond to 3 sounds, the first of which will be made 6 minutes before the general start.

The preparatory signal will correspond to 2 sounds, the first of which will be made 3 minutes before the general start.

The general start will be indicated by a single sound.

Specific start times will be indicated by further single sounds, in a sequence as stated on the posted listing.

4. Finishing

4.1 The race shall finish at the time specified after the general start and will be indicated by a single sound. At this time the relative positions of the boats shall determine the results of the race.

4.2 Short Laps. As the end of the race is approached, if, in the judgement of the Race Officer, the boats are estimated likely to be sailing a windward leg at the finish time, the Committee Boat shall take station at the mark preceding the windward leg, ahead of the first boat to arrive there, and shall signal a course change. This course change shall be signalled by hoisting an Orange Flag and a sound signal. The flag will remain hoisted until the finish of the race. The course change shall leave unaltered the rounding of the mark but shall require boats to then return to the previous mark, which will also be rounded in the specified manner. These two marks will continue being circled in this fashion until the finish signal is given. During such a period of short laps, boats passing in opposite directions shall maintain their proper course.

5 Protests

5.1 Completed protest forms must be handed to the Race Officer within 1 hour of the finishing time.

6. Handicaps

6.1 The handicap assigned to each boat will be determined by the Sailing Committee or a sub-committee thereof.

6.2 The basis of the handicap system will be the listing published by the Forth Yacht Clubs Association or, if a boat is not included in the FYCA list, the Portsmouth Yardstick.


Pursuit Race Timings

PURSUIT RACE START TIME CALCULATOR BASED ON 71 MIN RACE.
TIMEHOOTSBOAT
6 Mins Before3
3 Mins Before2
01MIRROR(No Spin), Maud, TAZ, TERRA
0.5
11GULL(No Spin), HERON(No Spin)
1.51MIRROR
2
2.51GULL, HERON
31Sprightly Peggy
3.5
41Lady B
4.5
51Arion
5.51Dabchick
61TOPPER
6.5
7
7.51Voiles
81Innisfallen, Firecrest, Espresso, Centaur
8.51Dancer, Sea Urchin
9
9.5
10
10.51Eliza, MIRROR MIRACLE(No Spin)
111Sheena
11.51CHALLENGER, Shikari, Knightmare
121MIRROR MIRACLE, Kiri, Exisle, Talisker
12.51GRADUATE
131SOLO, WANDERER(No Spin), GP14(No Spin), Kentra, Lafter
13.5
141WANDERER
14.51GP14
151ENTERPRISE, WAYFARER(No Spin), Free Spirit
15.51420(No Spin), LASER RADIAL
161WAYFARER, OMEGA(No Spin)
16.51420, Quicksilver
171LASER STD,OMEGA
17.51ALBACORE
181KESTRAL(No Spin), LASER 2 (No Spin)
18.51BLAZE
191KESTRAL, LASER 2
19.5
20
20.51FIREBALL(No Spin), LASER EPS
21
21.51FIREBALL
22
22.5
23
23.5
24
24.51SPICE
25
25.5
261FLYING DUTCHMAN(No Spin)
26.5
271FLYING DUTCHMAN
27.5
28
28.51LASER 5000
29
29.5
30
30.5
31
Based on PY at t=zero for mirror no spinnaker at 1386 + 2% = 1414
All 'No spin' allowances for dinghies PY + 2%

Last updated 09:38 on 2 April 2019

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